Law to crack down on lobbyists ensnares two former Texas House members


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A 2019 legislation aimed at cracking down on the revolving door of lobbyists at the Texas Capitol is ensnaring two latest legislators and prompting condition ethics regulators to address possible loopholes.

The regulation suggests previous associates of the Legislature can not have interaction in routines that require them to sign-up as a lobbyist if they have made a political contribution employing marketing campaign funds in the earlier two a long time. It is meant to prevent a circumstance wherever, for case in point, a lawmaker spreads marketing campaign contributions about to colleagues, ways down or loses reelection — and then goes to foyer all those very same colleagues a quick time afterwards.


The regulation, Home Invoice 2677 by point out Rep. Craig Goldman, R-Fort Worth, passed without any opposition in the two chambers.

But redistricting has created extra turnover than standard at the Legislature this 12 months, making a pool of former lawmakers who could want to be a part of the lobby. Two of them — former condition Reps. Eddie Lucio III, D-Brownsville, and Chris Paddie, R-Marshall — registered as lobbyists with the Texas Ethics Commission very last 7 days, despite utilizing campaign hard cash for political contributions in the earlier two a long time. But after media inquiries, they resolved to suspend their registration.

Paddie nonetheless characterised his registration as a proactive measure and stated it was not because he experienced engaged in pursuits demanding disclosure — the threshold outlined for the two-calendar year ban beneath the 2019 law.

“I recently registered with the Ethics Commission with the intent of participating in lobby exercise,” Paddie said in a assertion. “However, I have not nonetheless engaged in that exercise and have suspended my registration with the Ethics Commission.”


Lucio’s scenario is a minor more unusual. When he shut down his marketing campaign account previously this yr, he sought to retroactively comply with the 2019 legislation by looking for refunds of all the political contributions that he believed he had created in the past two decades. But his law firm explained he a short while ago turned mindful of other political contributions Lucio designed more than that period. And he is now not able to rectify the scenario due to the fact the account has been shut.

“We reviewed Mr. Lucio’s reports and the applicable guidelines surrounding lobby registration and we believe that that he did all the things he could to mitigate his condition prior to registering,” Lucio’s lawyer, Andrew Cates, reported in a assertion. “Subsequently, we ended up made knowledgeable of more contributions Mr. Lucio manufactured in 2020 that we were unable to mitigate prior to closing his marketing campaign account. Out of an abundance of caution, Mr. Lucio will suspend his lobby registration until the time period of time runs out in October 2022 and we will reassess his lawful solutions at that stage.”


Both equally Paddie and Lucio introduced they ended up not in search of reelection in the course of the redistricting method final 12 months and then stepped down early months later. Paddie, the previous chair of the Household State Affairs Committee, experienced registered to foyer for Incode Technologies, an identification verification organization primarily based in San Francisco. Lucio had registered to foyer for five clients, which includes the health and fitness insurance provider Blue Cross Blue Protect and Texans for Lawsuit Reform, the powerful tort reform group.

Their registrations arrived as the Texas Ethics Commission was crafting an advisory viewpoint that resolved a possible loophole in the 2019 legislation. An unnamed point out legislator had requested the commission to weigh in on no matter whether the two-12 months ban applies to not just marketing campaign accounts, but individual political committees in which lawmakers often preserve their contributions.

All lawmakers have a “candidate/officeholder account” that is usually the primary vehicle for their marketing campaign funds. But some choose to elevate and invest money out of other committees — normally “special-purpose” committees — to permit for extra adaptability.


The impression mentioned those people committees can rely, much too, if the fee has to take into account no matter whether a lawmaker-turned-lobbyists has used marketing campaign money for political contributions in the previous two several years.

“Yes, if the applicant or officeholder has the authority to handle the contributions acknowledged and expenditures built by the specific-goal committees,” the view mentioned.

Nevertheless, there is nonetheless ambiguity. It is unclear how the legislation defines “control” in this case, and that would likely be up for discussion if the commission ever dealt with a criticism associated to the HB 2677.

Additionally, throughout a fee assembly last week, Commissioner Steve Wolens claimed he was concerned about the constitutionality of the law in the initial spot.

“If this ended up an enforcement continuing, I imagine I’d have a difficult time imposing the statute since I feel it’s unconstitutional,” Wolens reported.

The advisory belief could be pertinent for folks like former Residence Speaker Dennis Bonnen, R-Angleton. There has been speculation he may perhaps be interested in lobbying, though he has neither registered nor announced any plans, and a spokesperson did not reply to a ask for for remark.


But he operates a political committee, Texas Prospects PAC, that begun in 2019 with $3 million transferred from his marketing campaign account, and the PAC manufactured political contributions as just lately as earlier this thirty day period.

It is unclear if lawmakers realized just what they have been voting on when they handed HB 2677 in 2019. Goldman gave a temporary presentation of the bill that concentrated on a provision banning lawmakers-turned-lobbyists from creating existing-working day political contributions from their leftover campaign resources.

“HB 2677 states that a former elected official or applicant now registered as a lobbyist may possibly not use cash from their campaign account to make a political contribution,” Goldman said in early May perhaps 2019 on the Household floor.

He received no queries about the invoice from his colleagues, and it passed by a voice vote about a moment later on.

Disclosure: Texans for Lawsuit Reform has been a economical supporter of The Texas Tribune, a nonprofit, nonpartisan news organization that is funded in aspect by donations from associates, foundations and corporate sponsors. Money supporters enjoy no purpose in the Tribunes journalism. Find a full listing of them listed here.


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